Devotions, when balanced with a healthy dose of intellectualism, can be a light in the darkness. But without intellectualism, it can be the flame that sets the whole house on fire.

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A Worrying Trend Arising Among Religions in Singapore

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Allow me to share something that has been bothering me for some time now. If you’ve been visiting Christian or Buddhist bookshops here in Singapore, and if you’ve been paying attention, you’d notice that over the past few years, there’s been a drop in the selection of intellectual books and a sharp rise in devotional materials. Here are two examples: Novena …


Investigating the Relationship between Ritual Propriety and Social Justice in the Early Confucian Tradition

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Here is a draft proposal for a paper I wish to write. In the book, Confucian Perfectionism: A Political Philosophy for Modern Times, Joseph Chan argues that there are three principles of a Confucian perspective on social justice. The three principles are: (1) sufficiency for all, where “each household should have an amount of resources sufficient to live a materially …

Chinese Emperor

A Proposal on the Study of Ancient Chinese Rituals and its Relationship with Management

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This is a draft proposal for a paper I wish to write. It’s still very raw, but I like how this project will allow me to engage in the study of Chinese philosophy, Chinese history (and maybe even archaeology), and learn to apply philosophy to some practical area, like resource and operational management. Image Source: In the Analects, li …

Research Mania!

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Today I visited the Central Library to do some research! It’s been quite a while since I last sat down with a huge pile of books flipping through pages looking for relevant information. I’m pretty excited about the idea of writing a paper for an academic journal. Oh wow! I miss doing this. Reading pages and pages and getting all …

Harmony in the Analects

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The word, 和 he, which is the primary word used to articulate harmony appears in the Analects five times. No other similar word for harmony is used in the text. The five passages are: (A) 有子曰:「禮之用,和為貴。先王之道斯為美,小大由之。有所不行,知和而和,不以禮節 之,亦不可行也。」 Yu Tzu said, “Of the things brought about by the rites, harmony is the most valuable. Of the ways of the Former Kings, …